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Cryptocurrency Security Regulations Around The World You Should Know

Unlock the secrets of cryptocurrency security regulations! Safeguard your digital assets with expert tips and easy-to-follow strategies.

Author:James Pierce
Reviewer:Gordon Dickerson
Mar 04, 2024
As cryptocurrencies have developed from speculative investments to a new class of assets, governments everywhere are looking into cryptocurrency security regulations.Some governments have put in place frameworks to protect consumers as of January 2024, while others are waiting. Here are some described below:

United States

In 2022, the United States unveiled a new framework that allowed for more regulation. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), two established market regulators, were given further authority by the new regulation.
The White House. "First-Ever Comprehensive Framework for Responsible Development of Digital Assets Released by the White House: FACT SHEET"
The SEC's long list of filings against projects and companies focused on cryptocurrencies, including lawsuits and complaints against Ripple, Coinbase (COIN), Binance (BNB), and numerous others about their cryptocurrency-related goods and services, shows that the agency is already regulating the industry.
This was only one of the crypto industry's partial victories; in November, the Commission overturned its decision to deny Grayscal's request to change its Bitcoin ETF Trust into an ETF that actually contains bitcoin. Following the court's order, the Commission reexamined the application, and in January 2024, the first Bitcoin Spot ETFs were approved.


Crypto companies are prohibited from functioning in China by the People’s Bank of China (PBOC), which claims that they enable public financing without authorization.
In addition, China outlawed Bitcoin mining in May 2021, requiring many participants to either completely cease operations or transfer to countries with more benevolent legal frameworks. Additionally, cryptocurrencies were outlawed in September 2021.


Although cryptocurrency is not accepted as legal money in Canada, the nation has regulated it more aggressively than others. A few Bitcoin exchange-traded funds (ETFs) are already trading on the Toronto Stock Exchange, making Canada the first nation to approve an ETF.
Regarding cryptocurrency trading platforms, dealers and platforms must register with provincial authorities according to regulations set forth by the Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada (IIROC) and the Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA).
All cryptocurrency investment companies are required to register with the Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre of Canada (FINTRAC) and are categorized as money service businesses (MSBs) in Canada. Canada views cryptocurrencies in the same taxing manner as other commodities.

United Kingdom

The British Parliament's lower chamber acknowledged cryptocurrencies as regulated financial instruments in October 2022. In June 2023, the Financial Services and Markets bill was enacted into law, expanding the scope of current regulations pertaining to cryptocurrency assets, services, and providers.
Reporting obligations pertaining to Know Your Client (KYC) regulations, anti-money laundering (AML), and combating the funding of terrorism (CFT) are unique to cryptocurrencies.
Generally speaking, taxability depends on the cryptocurrency activities carried out and the parties involved in the transaction, even if investors still pay capital gains tax on profits from crypto trading.


Japan has adopted a progressive stance towards cryptocurrency rules, acknowledging them as legitimate property through the Payment Services Act (PSA). Cryptocurrency exchanges operating in the nation are required to adhere to AML/CFT regulations and register with the Financial Services Agency (FSA). All cryptocurrency exchanges are members of the Japanese Virtual Currency Exchange Association (JVCEA), which was founded in Japan in 2020.
Japan taxes investors based on their cryptocurrency trading winnings, which are treated as miscellaneous income.
The nation has been focusing on a number of regulatory issues, including taxation. The government declared in September 2022 that it would implement remittance regulations as early as May 2023 in order to stop criminals from exploiting cryptocurrency exchanges as a means of money laundering. A revision to the Act on Prevention of Transfer of Criminal Proceeds will permit the gathering of consumer data.


Australia taxes capital gains on cryptocurrencies because it considers them to be legal property. As long as exchanges fulfill certain AML/CTF requirements and register with the Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre (AUSTRAC), they are free to operate in the nation.
2019 saw the introduction of regulatory rules for initial coin offerings (ICOs) by the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC). It forbade exchanges from selling privacy coins, which are digital currencies that mask money transfers throughout their networks in order to maintain anonymity.
Australia declared in 2021 that it would develop a regulatory framework for cryptocurrencies and perhaps introduce a central bank digital currency (CBDC). The Australian Treasury said in October 2023 that it would be introducing a regulatory framework, with a draft expected to be published in 2024. In the event that the framework is accepted and put into use, there will be a 12-month transition period.


This island nation views cryptocurrencies as property rather than legal money, just like the United Kingdom does. In accordance with the Payment Services Act (PSA), the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) issues licenses and oversees exchanges.
In 2022, Singapore released guidelines cautioning producers of digital payment tokens (DPTs) against publicizing their offerings.
The Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) unveiled a framework in August 2023 that would govern stablecoin offerings in the nation and mandate certain requirements for issuers. Stablecoins can distinguish themselves from unregulated stablecoins by using the moniker "MAS-regulated stablecoin," but only after receiving MAS approval.
Singapore's status as a safe haven for bitcoin is partly attributed to the country's lack of taxes on long-term capital gains.
Singapore's Inland Revenue Authority. Gains from the Sale of Real Estate, Stocks, and Financial Instruments That Are Not Taxable However, the country taxes companies that regularly transact in cryptocurrency, treating gains as income.

South Korea

The Financial Services Commission (FSC) division of the Korea Financial Intelligence Unit (KFIU) requires bitcoin exchanges and other virtual asset service providers to register. In 2021, South Korea similarly outlawed the exchange of any privacy coin.
The Act on the Protection of Virtual Asset Users, enacted by the South Korean government, became operative in 2023. The Act delineated the permissible and impermissible applications of virtual assets and formally designated the Financial Services Commission as their regulator.


India is still undecided on the regulation of cryptocurrencies, neither legalizing nor outlawing their use. A bill that forbids the use of any private cryptocurrency in India is now in the works, although it has not yet been put to a vote.
All crypto investments are subject to a 30% tax, and trades in crypto are subject to a 1% tax deduction at source (TDS).
In general, India is still hesitant to regulate or outright forbid cryptocurrency. The nation's Finance Bill of 2022 established tax regulations for obtaining revenue from virtual digital assets and classified them as property.


Although Brazil does not recognize Bitcoin as legal cash, the nation has legalized cryptocurrencies as forms of payment nationwide, which has increased the use of virtual currencies. On November 29, 2022, the Chamber of Deputies of Brazil passed a legislative framework that permits the use of cryptocurrencies as payment methods throughout the nation.
On June 20, 2023, the measure became law and was designated as Law No. 14,478, or the "Legal Framework for Virtual Assets." Decree No. 11,563 of June 13, 2023 established the Brazilian Central Bank as the responsible authority to oversee, authorize, and regulate the operations of cryptocurrency exchanges.

European Union

The majority of the European Union (EU) allows cryptocurrency, yet each member state has its own exchange governance system.
In the meantime, taxes in the EU vary from 0% to roughly 48% depending on the nation.
The Fifth and Sixth Anti-Money Laundering Directives (5AMLD and 6AMLD) of the EU have just gone into force, strengthening standard reporting requirements and KYC/CFT duties.
The European Commission proposed the Markets in Crypto-Assets Regulation (MiCA) in September 2020. It is a framework that improves consumer protections, establishes precise rules for how the crypto industry should behave, and adds new licensing requirements.

Financial Regulators Affecting Crypto

1. Commodities Futures Trading Commission (CFTC)- Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC)agency oversees futures contracts and derivatives, including cryptocurrency-based ones. This indicates that the CFTC has jurisdiction over trading in cryptocurrency futures and options.
2. The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN)- Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN)is in charge of regulating cryptocurrency exchanges and other businesses engaged in cryptocurrency transactions as part of its efforts to prevent money laundering and terrorist financing.
3. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) - Internal Revenue Service (IRS gains and losses from cryptocurrency transactions are liable to capital gains taxes since the IRS views cryptocurrencies as property for taxation purposes.
4. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC)- Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC)is responsible for overseeing national banks and has released guidelines on their involvement in cryptocurrency-related operations.
5. Federal Deposit Insurance Corp (FDIC)- The Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. (FDIC)offers advice to banks on how to handle the risks associated with cryptocurrency activity in addition to insuring the deposits of its member banks.
6. Federal Trade Commission (FTC)- The Federal Trade Commission (FTC)shields customers against dishonest and fraudulent activities, including those involving virtual currencies.
7. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) -If a digital asset fits the definition of a security, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)is in charge of managing its issuance and sale. This implies that cryptocurrencies that satisfy the requirements to be regarded as securities have to register with the SEC and abide by its rules.

FAQ's About Cryptocurrency Security Regulations

Exist Any Crypto Regulations?

Regulations pertaining to cryptocurrencies are currently being studied and developed globally. While many nations are drafting laws and regulations, others are behind for a variety of reasons.

When Will Cryptocurrency Be Regulated?

Some nations have some degree of regulation in place, while others are working to control as much of the space as they can. For instance, there are laws governing cryptocurrency exchanges in the United States. Regulations pertaining to crypto service providers are in place in the EU.

Who Is The Crypto Regulator?

Who controls cryptocurrency in the US depends on how and where it is utilized. In some way, the financial industry regulatory authority, the commodity futures trading commission, the chicago mercantile exchange, and the securities and exchange commission are all engaged.


Even though cryptocurrencies have been around since 2009, authorities and governments throughout the world are still figuring out how to control cryptocurrency security regulations and their use. It is imperative to safeguard consumers and businesses against fraudulent activities and to take proactive actions against the criminal usage of cryptocurrency. Although it is a sluggish and contentious process, many nations are making progress.
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James Pierce

James Pierce

James Pierce, a Finance and Crypto expert, brings over 15 years of experience to his writing. With a Master's degree in Finance from Harvard University, James's insightful articles and research papers have earned him recognition in the industry. His expertise spans financial markets and digital currencies, making him a trusted source for analysis and commentary. James seamlessly integrates his passion for travel into his work, providing readers with a unique perspective on global finance and the digital economy. Outside of writing, James enjoys photography, hiking, and exploring local cuisines during his travels.
Gordon Dickerson

Gordon Dickerson

Gordon Dickerson, a visionary in Crypto, NFT, and Web3, brings over 10 years of expertise in blockchain technology. With a Bachelor's in Computer Science from MIT and a Master's from Stanford, Gordon's strategic leadership has been instrumental in shaping global blockchain adoption. His commitment to inclusivity fosters a diverse ecosystem. In his spare time, Gordon enjoys gourmet cooking, cycling, stargazing as an amateur astronomer, and exploring non-fiction literature. His blend of expertise, credibility, and genuine passion for innovation makes him a trusted authority in decentralized technologies, driving impactful change with a personal touch.
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