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Does Washington State Require Motorcycle Insurance? Understanding Motorcycle Insurance Laws In Washington

Does Washington State require motorcycle insurance? Discover the essentials of motorcycle insurance in Washington State. Learn about mandatory coverage, penalties for non-compliance, and how to find the right protection for your rides.

Author:Karan Emery
Reviewer:Frazer Pugh
Nov 09, 2023
Motorcycle riding is a popular and exhilarating way to explore the scenic roads of Washington State. However, one aspect that riders need to consider is motorcycle insurance. Does Washington State require motorcycle insurance, and if so, what are the regulations and options available?
In this comprehensive guide, we'll explore does Washington State require motorcycle insurance, the motorcycle insurance laws in Washington and help riders understand their obligations and choices.

Washington State Motorcycle Insurance Laws

Before we delve into the specifics of motorcycle insurance in Washington, it's essential to grasp the legal framework governing insurance for motorcyclists. Washington State, like most states, has established insurance laws to ensure that riders are financially responsible for any potential accidents or damages they may cause while operating their motorcycles.
Up until 2019, Washington's mandatory vehicle insurance statute did not apply to motorcyclists. However, beginning on July 28, 2019, motorcyclists must have liability insurance and provide identification. Traffic violations may occur from disregarding the rules.
In Washington, motorcycle insurance is mandatory. To legally operate a motorcycle in the state, riders must carry liability insurance that meets the minimum coverage requirements. This liability insurance is designed to cover bodily injury and property damage that a rider may be responsible for in the event of an accident.

Minimum Liability Insurance Requirements In Washington

As of July 28, 2019, anybody who operates a motor vehicle or a motorbike inside the state of Washington must comply with the obligatory liability insurance statute (, which is overseen by the Washington State Department of Licensing (
Carry liability insurance with liability limits of at least:
  • $25,000 for injuries or death to another person
  • $50,000 for injuries or death to all other people
  • $10,000 for damage to another person's property
Apply for a certificate of deposit to pay for your liability insurance with the Department of Licensing (
Have a liability bond of at least $60,000 filed by a surety bond company that's authorized to do business in Washington.
Self-insure if you have 26 or more vehicles. For more information or to see if you qualify for this option, contact the Department of Licensing.
In the context of a motorcycle accident case involving significant injuries to a rider or passenger, $25,000 typically does not go very far. The first ambulance journey and hospital stay could both be covered by half of this sum if the accident was severe. Motorcycle riders should be aware of the risks and think about getting bigger coverage limits because $25,000 is typically insufficient for any catastrophic accident.

Proof Of Insurance

Motorcycle insurance is mandatory in Washington State, and it's not enough to simply have coverage; you must be able to prove it. Having proof of insurance while riding is essential to demonstrate financial responsibility to law enforcement and other parties in the event of an accident.

Why Is Proof Of Insurance Necessary?

  • Legal Requirement -In Washington State, motorcycle insurance is mandatory, and carrying proof of insurance is a legal requirement. Riding without insurance can result in serious penalties, including fines and potential suspension of your motorcycle registration. Having proof of insurance readily available is crucial to meeting this requirement.
  • Compliance with Traffic Stops -Law enforcement officers may request proof of insurance during traffic stops or following accidents. Presenting this document demonstrates your compliance with the law, helping to avoid potential legal issues.
  • Accident Resolution -In the unfortunate event of an accident, providing proof of insurance is essential for determining financial responsibility. It enables all parties involved, including law enforcement and insurance companies, to confirm that the at-fault rider has the necessary coverage to address the damages or injuries resulting from the accident.

What Does Proof Of Insurance Typically Include?

Proof of insurance is a standardized document that typically includes the following key information:
  • Name of the Insured -This is the name of the policyholder, which can be an individual or an entity.
  • Insurance Company Details -The name of the insurance company, along with contact information, should be provided. This allows law enforcement or others to verify the authenticity of the coverage.
  • Policy Number -The policy number is a unique identifier for your specific motorcycle insurance policy. It helps in tracking your coverage within the insurance company's records.
  • Effective Dates -The document should clearly state the policy's effective dates, indicating the period during which you are covered.

Penalties For Riding Without Motorcycle Insurance In Washington

Riding without the required insurance in Washington State can lead to significant legal consequences. The penalties for non-compliance are designed to encourage riders to meet their financial responsibility and protect themselves and others on the road. Here are some of the potential penalties for riding without insurance:
  • Traffic Citations -Law enforcement officers may issue citations to riders who are caught riding without insurance. These citations can result in fines and other legal consequences.
  • Financial Liability -One of the most significant consequences of not having insurance is that you become personally liable for the costs associated with an accident you cause. This can include expenses for property damage, medical bills, and other accident-related costs.
  • Motorcycle Registration Suspension -Washington State has the authority to suspend the registration of motorcycles whose owners are found to be riding without insurance. Having your registration suspended means you cannot legally operate your motorcycle.
  • Loss of Driving Privileges -In addition to the suspension of your motorcycle registration, you may also face a suspension of your driver's license or riding privileges.
  • Difficulty Obtaining Insurance -After riding without insurance, you may find it challenging to obtain coverage in the future. Insurance providers may consider you a high-risk rider, resulting in higher premiums.

Optional Motorcycle Insurance Coverage

While the mandatory minimum liability insurance provides a basic level of coverage, riders often seek additional protection to address specific needs and circumstances. Optional motorcycle insurance coverages can help tailor your insurance to better fit your individual requirements. Here are some of the optional coverages available to motorcyclists in Washington State:
  • Collision Coverage -Collision coverage is designed to assist with the repair or replacement of your motorcycle in the event of an accident, regardless of who is at fault. It provides coverage for damage resulting from collisions with other vehicles or objects.
  • Comprehensive Coverage -Comprehensive coverage offers protection for non-collision incidents. This can include coverage for theft, vandalism, damage caused by natural disasters, and other non-accident-related incidents.
  • Uninsured/Underinsured Motorist Coverage -This coverage is valuable if you are in an accident with a driver who lacks insurance or has insufficient coverage to pay for your expenses. It helps cover your costs when the at-fault party is unable to do so.
  • Medical Payments Coverage -Medical payments coverage assists with medical expenses for you and your passengers in the event of an accident, regardless of who is at fault. It can help cover hospital bills, doctor's fees, and related medical costs.
  • Roadside Assistance -This optional coverage can provide assistance in case of a breakdown or other non-accident-related emergencies. It may include services such as towing, battery jump-starts, and fuel delivery.
A man riding his motorcycle on road
A man riding his motorcycle on road

Comparing Insurance Quotes

Securing the right motorcycle insurance coverage in Washington State is not only a legal obligation but also a means of financial protection for riders. One important step in the process of obtaining the right coverage is comparing insurance quotes from different providers.

The Process Of Comparing Insurance Quotes

  • Gather Your Information -To obtain accurate insurance quotes, riders should be prepared to provide essential information, such as details about their motorcycle, riding history, personal information, and any existing insurance policies.
  • Request Quotes from Multiple Providers- Riders can request quotes online or by contacting insurance providers directly. It's advisable to reach out to multiple providers to ensure a comprehensive comparison.
  • Review and Compare -Once the quotes are obtained, riders should review and compare them. This involves not only comparing premiums but also the specific coverage options, deductibles, discounts, and any additional services offered.
  • Ask Questions -If there are any aspects of the quotes that are unclear, riders should not hesitate to ask questions and seek clarification from the insurance providers.
  • Consider Long-Term Implications -While cost is a significant factor, riders should also consider the long-term implications of their insurance choice. It's not just about finding the cheapest option but about selecting the coverage that provides the best value and protection.

Motorcycle Insurance And Financing

Riders who are financing the purchase of their motorcycle may encounter additional insurance requirements. Lenders often have specific insurance requirements to protect their interests in the event of damage or loss to the motorcycle. Here's what riders need to know about motorcycle insurance and financing:
  • Comprehensive and Collision Coverage -Lenders may require riders to carry comprehensive and collision coverage as part of their loan agreement. These coverages are designed to ensure that the motorcycle is repaired or replaced if it is damaged in an accident, regardless of who is at fault. Lenders seek this protection to ensure that their investment in the motorcycle is safeguarded.
  • Providing Proof of Coverage -Riders who have financed their motorcycle must provide proof of comprehensive and collision coverage to their lender. This typically involves providing documentation from the insurance provider to confirm that the required coverage is in place.
  • Financing Impact on Insurance Costs- While lenders require comprehensive and collision coverage, it's essential to understand that these coverages can impact the cost of insurance. Riders should consider this when comparing insurance quotes and budgeting for their insurance expenses.
  • Changing Coverage After Financing -Riders who have financed their motorcycles may choose to adjust their insurance coverage after the loan is paid off or based on changing circumstances. However, any changes should be made with consideration for lender requirements and the potential impact on the motorcycle's value.
A man riding his black motorcycle
A man riding his black motorcycle

Regularly Review Your Coverage

Regularly reviewing your motorcycle insurance coverage is a crucial aspect of responsible and proactive insurance management in Washington State. Your life circumstances, riding habits, and insurance needs can change over time, making it essential to reassess your coverage periodically. Here's why and how to maintain this practice.
  • Changing Life Circumstances -Life is dynamic, and your insurance needs may evolve. Major life events such as getting married, having children, or changing your residence can impact your coverage requirements. Ensuring that your insurance aligns with your current situation is essential.
  • Riding Habits -How and where you ride can influence your coverage needs. If you've transitioned from casual weekend rides to daily commuting or if you frequently ride in high-traffic urban areas, you may need different coverage options to address these circumstances.
  • New Motorcycle Purchases -Acquiring a new motorcycle can necessitate changes to your coverage. The type of bike, its value, and any customizations should be considered to ensure you have the appropriate coverage in place.
  • Review Frequency- A general rule of thumb is to review your coverage at least once a year. Many insurance providers offer policy renewal annually, making this a convenient time to assess your coverage. However, significant life changes or motorcycle acquisitions may prompt unscheduled reviews.
  • Working with Your Insurance Provider -When you review your coverage, it's advisable to work closely with your insurance provider. Discuss any changes in your circumstances, preferences, or needs. They can help you adjust your coverage accordingly, ensuring that you have the right protection in place.
  • Benefits of Regular Review -Regularly reviewing your motorcycle insurance coverage helps you avoid overpaying for unnecessary coverage or being underinsured in the event of an accident. It ensures that your policy continues to meet your requirements, providing peace of mind as you hit the open road.

Does Washington State Require Motorcycle Insurance FAQs

Is Motorcycle Insurance Mandatory In Washington State?

Yes, motorcycle insurance is mandatory in Washington State.

What Are The Minimum Liability Insurance Requirements For Motorcycle Riders In Washington?

The minimum liability insurance requirements in Washington include $25,000 for bodily injury or death per person, $50,000 for bodily injury or death per accident, and $10,000 for property damage.

What Happens If I Ride Without Motorcycle Insurance In Washington State?

Riding without insurance can result in penalties, fines, and the potential suspension of your motorcycle registration. You also become personally liable for accident-related costs.

Are There Optional Motorcycle Insurance Coverages Available In Washington?

Yes, optional coverages such as collision, comprehensive, uninsured/underinsured motorist, and medical payments coverage are available in Washington.


Does Washington State require motorcycle insurance? Yes, in Washington State, motorcycle insurance is mandatory, and riders must carry liability insurance that meets the minimum coverage requirements.
Riding without insurance can result in legal consequences, financial liability, and potential damage to your personal finances. To ensure compliance with the law and provide essential financial protection, riders should carry the required insurance and be prepared to provide proof of coverage if requested by law enforcement.
While the minimum liability insurance is mandatory, riders also have the option to purchase additional coverage for added protection. It's advisable to explore different coverage options, obtain insurance quotes, and regularly review your coverage to ensure that it aligns with your needs and circumstances.
By meeting the state's insurance requirements and making informed choices about your coverage, you can enjoy the freedom of the open road while being financially responsible and protected in the event of an accident.
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Karan Emery

Karan Emery

Karan Emery, an accomplished researcher and leader in health sciences, biotechnology, and pharmaceuticals, brings over two decades of experience to the table. Holding a Ph.D. in Pharmaceutical Sciences from Stanford University, Karan's credentials underscore her authority in the field. With a track record of groundbreaking research and numerous peer-reviewed publications in prestigious journals, Karan's expertise is widely recognized in the scientific community. Her writing style is characterized by its clarity and meticulous attention to detail, making complex scientific concepts accessible to a broad audience. Apart from her professional endeavors, Karan enjoys cooking, learning about different cultures and languages, watching documentaries, and visiting historical landmarks. Committed to advancing knowledge and improving health outcomes, Karan Emery continues to make significant contributions to the fields of health, biotechnology, and pharmaceuticals.
Frazer Pugh

Frazer Pugh

Frazer Pugh is a distinguished expert in finance and business, boasting over 6 years of experience. Holding an MBA in Finance from Stanford University, Frazer's credentials underscore his authority and expertise in the field. With a successful track record in executive roles and as a published author of influential articles on financial strategy, his insights are both deep and practical. Beyond his professional life, Frazer is an avid traveler and culinary enthusiast, drawing inspiration from diverse cultures and cuisines. His commitment in delivering trustworthy analysis and actionable advice reflects his dedication to shaping the world of finance and business, making a significant impact through his work.
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